British Columbia Social Democratic Paradigm On Guaranteed Minimum Income Pdf

THE THEORETICAL DEBATE ABOUT MINIMUM WAGES

Research BIEN

social democratic paradigm on guaranteed minimum income pdf

th Geneva September 1214. With social democracy now in retreat across Europe (Meyer and Rutherford, 2012), this article considers the path of social democratic welfare reform in Australia, and the latest set of social democratic welfare reforms initiated by the Rudd Labor government (2007–10) and the Gillard Labor government (2010-13)., Judgments of Social Justice: Compromises Between Equality and Efficiency Gregory Mitchell, Philip E. Tetlock, Barbara A. Mellers, and Lisa D. Ordonez Political economists agree that a trade-offexists between equality and efficiency. Using a hypotheti-cal society paradigm, we manipulated the mean income (representing efficiency) and income variability (representing equality) of distributions of.

Possibilities and Prospects The Debate Over a Guaranteed

Cooperate! A paradigm shift for health equity. Do accountability mechanisms in safety nets improve access to social services? The case of Brazil’s Bolsa Família International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, A NAFTA Dividend:A proposal for a guaranteed minimum income for North America Karen Kallmann Towards a BIG paradigm shift: A rights based approach to poverty alleviation.

The notion of health as a human right is central to the creation of equitable health systems [1, 2]. The right to health equity has been reflected globally in national constitutions, treaties and domestic laws, policies, and programs, and is included as a priority item in United Nations’ post-2015 sustainable development agenda [3 – 5]. v Abstract Within the debate about the future of the welfare state a guaranteed social minimum income is often discussed as an alternative to the current social security

With social democracy now in retreat across Europe (Meyer and Rutherford, 2012), this article considers the path of social democratic welfare reform in Australia, and the latest set of social democratic welfare reforms initiated by the Rudd Labor government (2007–10) and the Gillard Labor government (2010-13). In principle, for the neoclassical paradigm minimum wages have negative employment effects. These iron law of neoclassical thinking came under discussion after negative employment effects of minimum wage increases in empirical studies were difficult to find. The monopsony case was a way out of the dilemma. However, it seems to lack sufficient relevance to draw general macroeconomic conclusions

With social democracy now in retreat across Europe (Meyer and Rutherford, 2012), this article considers the path of social democratic welfare reform in Australia, and the latest set of social democratic welfare reforms initiated by the Rudd Labor government (2007–10) and the Gillard Labor government (2010-13). Living Wages in the Paradigm Transition – The Imperative Challenge of Transcending the Market Author’s computation using hourly wage data as reported by the US Department of Labor and purchasing power indices from the World Bank in 2012.

The Government of the Republic of South Africa and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo desiring to conclude a Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income, Judgments of Social Justice: Compromises Between Equality and Efficiency Gregory Mitchell, Philip E. Tetlock, Barbara A. Mellers, and Lisa D. Ordonez Political economists agree that a trade-offexists between equality and efficiency. Using a hypotheti-cal society paradigm, we manipulated the mean income (representing efficiency) and income variability (representing equality) of distributions of

November 2013. Why neoliberals could be allies in the fight against income management. Don Arthur. Beginning in a handful of trial sites, income management has been expanded to cover targeted groups of income support recipients across the whole of the Northern Territory. Coinciding with the progressive consolidation of the European integration process in the continent, the ILO debate on the future establishment of a BI growingly implied the idГ©e of a minimum income for all guaranteed by the state. More recently, this trend crystallised in the elaboration of the 2002 report on a Social Protection Floor for a Fair and Inclusive Globalization, which brought back

based guaranteed pension benefit that ensures a minimum level of income for individuals with low earnings-related pensions. Furthermore, the elderly with low pensions and high housing cost can qualify for the housing supplement. Elderly with low or no pension income due to few years of residency can claim income support which provides an effective safety net. Quasi - mandatory occupational With social democracy now in retreat across Europe (Meyer and Rutherford, 2012), this article considers the path of social democratic welfare reform in Australia, and the latest set of social democratic welfare reforms initiated by the Rudd Labor government (2007–10) and the Gillard Labor government (2010-13).

Coinciding with the progressive consolidation of the European integration process in the continent, the ILO debate on the future establishment of a BI growingly implied the idГ©e of a minimum income for all guaranteed by the state. More recently, this trend crystallised in the elaboration of the 2002 report on a Social Protection Floor for a Fair and Inclusive Globalization, which brought back democratic theory, since Lipset (1960) highlighted the positive correlation between the level of wealth and democracy, a large number of studies have emphasised economic development. 2 This correlation, however, is far from

The third proposal, a minimum benefit, is a common approach in social democratic welfare states to reduce class inequities. A key contribution of this study is its emphasis on inequality among women. The Living Income Guaranteed is a social security ‘net’ available to all; on an as-needed basis. This principle exemplifies our national expectations of government, as laid out within most country’s Bill of Rights, where the state ensures the well-being of its citizens when the …

Democrats believe that maintaining an income after retirement is the fundamental right of any American that paid into Social Security during their working years. Democrats strongly oppose Republican efforts to privatize social security, believing that this puts people’s retirement income at the mercy of the stock market. In fact, they wish to forbid employers from locking retirement savings Budget 2017-2018 is about "rising to the challenges of our ambitions" The Budget focuses on five main challenges: Fostering higher growth for more and better jobs; Investing massively in the infrastructure of the future; Further improving the quality of life of people; Ushering in a new social paradigm; and Consolidating macro-economic fundamentals The Budget is cast within the context of the

November 2013. Why neoliberals could be allies in the fight against income management. Don Arthur. Beginning in a handful of trial sites, income management has been expanded to cover targeted groups of income support recipients across the whole of the Northern Territory. Coinciding with the progressive consolidation of the European integration process in the continent, the ILO debate on the future establishment of a BI growingly implied the idГ©e of a minimum income for all guaranteed by the state. More recently, this trend crystallised in the elaboration of the 2002 report on a Social Protection Floor for a Fair and Inclusive Globalization, which brought back

Do accountability mechanisms in safety nets improve access to social services? The case of Brazil’s Bolsa Família International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance and a social one. Economically, professional actors, mainly producers, have to be able to withdraw an income from their activity. Socially, it raises the questions of

Judgments of Social Justice: Compromises Between Equality and Efficiency Gregory Mitchell, Philip E. Tetlock, Barbara A. Mellers, and Lisa D. Ordonez Political economists agree that a trade-offexists between equality and efficiency. Using a hypotheti-cal society paradigm, we manipulated the mean income (representing efficiency) and income variability (representing equality) of distributions of Budget 2017-2018 is about "rising to the challenges of our ambitions" The Budget focuses on five main challenges: Fostering higher growth for more and better jobs; Investing massively in the infrastructure of the future; Further improving the quality of life of people; Ushering in a new social paradigm; and Consolidating macro-economic fundamentals The Budget is cast within the context of the

The Nordic countries come closest to embracing the social investment paradigm, while a few other countries (notably the Netherlands and the UK) have made partial moves in the social investment This amount is known as the Minimum Income Guarantee. People's contribution towards the cost of their care cannot reduce their income to below the guaranteed level. People's contribution towards the cost of their care cannot reduce their income to below the guaranteed level.

(PDF) Living Wages_in_the_Paradigm_Transition – The. Democrats believe that maintaining an income after retirement is the fundamental right of any American that paid into Social Security during their working years. Democrats strongly oppose Republican efforts to privatize social security, believing that this puts people’s retirement income at the mercy of the stock market. In fact, they wish to forbid employers from locking retirement savings, 31/03/2006 · provide some form of access to health care or a minimum income guarantee offering support to individuals who cannot work or who can find work only in the low paying sub- ….

The Human Development Paradigm Human Development

social democratic paradigm on guaranteed minimum income pdf

Hayek against social justice for a minimum income. The human development paradigm performs an important service in questioning the presumed automatic link between expanding income and expanding human choices. People who have no access to income. It has to do with the national priorities chosen by the society or its rulers. cultural or political. dependent on income. Knowledge., The distinction between government sector employment and guaranteed employment is artefactual, and both contribute to national income at cost. Consequently, there would likely be considerable pressure to lower public sector wages and benefits to the level of the guaranteed job on grounds that the work is similar. In effect, there is a high risk that a JGP could be used to open a new front for.

th Geneva September 1214

social democratic paradigm on guaranteed minimum income pdf

Changing the paradigm in social security From fiscal. based guaranteed pension benefit that ensures a minimum level of income for individuals with low earnings-related pensions. Furthermore, the elderly with low pensions and high housing cost can qualify for the housing supplement. Elderly with low or no pension income due to few years of residency can claim income support which provides an effective safety net. Quasi - mandatory occupational Democrats believe that maintaining an income after retirement is the fundamental right of any American that paid into Social Security during their working years. Democrats strongly oppose Republican efforts to privatize social security, believing that this puts people’s retirement income at the mercy of the stock market. In fact, they wish to forbid employers from locking retirement savings.

social democratic paradigm on guaranteed minimum income pdf


In principle, for the neoclassical paradigm minimum wages have negative employment effects. These iron law of neoclassical thinking came under discussion after negative employment effects of minimum wage increases in empirical studies were difficult to find. The monopsony case was a way out of the dilemma. However, it seems to lack sufficient relevance to draw general macroeconomic conclusions Do accountability mechanisms in safety nets improve access to social services? The case of Brazil’s Bolsa Família International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance

The Government of the Republic of South Africa and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo desiring to conclude a Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income, The proposal of the Scientific Council broadened, however, the debate and the issue is debated upon in the social-democratic Labour Party, the conservative liberal People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and the progressive liberal Democrats 66, but these parties did not adopt the basic income in their programs.

The distinction between government sector employment and guaranteed employment is artefactual, and both contribute to national income at cost. Consequently, there would likely be considerable pressure to lower public sector wages and benefits to the level of the guaranteed job on grounds that the work is similar. In effect, there is a high risk that a JGP could be used to open a new front for In principle, for the neoclassical paradigm minimum wages have negative employment effects. These iron law of neoclassical thinking came under discussion after negative employment effects of minimum wage increases in empirical studies were difficult to find. The monopsony case was a way out of the dilemma. However, it seems to lack sufficient relevance to draw general macroeconomic conclusions

Why it matters. Political and social unrest could grow if the political establishment fails to address the economic pain of workers dislocated by globalization and automation. [A]ll use of coercion to assure a certain income to particular groups (beyond a flat minimum for all who cannot earn more in the market) be outlawed as immoral and strictly anti-social (150). Despite these limits, Hayek supported a UBI as a condition of democratic legitimacy, which dovetails nicely with some of the conceptions of social justice defended here.

Democrats believe that maintaining an income after retirement is the fundamental right of any American that paid into Social Security during their working years. Democrats strongly oppose Republican efforts to privatize social security, believing that this puts people’s retirement income at the mercy of the stock market. In fact, they wish to forbid employers from locking retirement savings The ultimate objective of this strategy—to wipe out poverty by establishing a guaranteed annual income—will be questioned by some. Because the ideal of individual social and economic mobility has deep roots, even activists seem reluctant to call for national programs to eliminate poverty by the outright redistribution of income.

This amount is known as the Minimum Income Guarantee. People's contribution towards the cost of their care cannot reduce their income to below the guaranteed level. People's contribution towards the cost of their care cannot reduce their income to below the guaranteed level. Possibilities and ProsPects: the debate over a Guaranteed income 7 We use the term “guaranteed income” to refer to a general category of proposals for a minimum

is still evident in social democracy and trade unions (the ‘work, work, work’ paradigm), is being replaced by a new kind of romanticism, the social utopia of a guaranteed basic income, providing a means of participating in a society based on human rights, without any reliance on the labour market. Would the idea of a basic income point the way to a new social contractbased on ethics and v Abstract Within the debate about the future of the welfare state a guaranteed social minimum income is often discussed as an alternative to the current social security

social democratic paradigm on guaranteed minimum income pdf

Do accountability mechanisms in safety nets improve access to social services? The case of Brazil’s Bolsa Família International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance Possibilities and ProsPects: the debate over a Guaranteed income 7 We use the term “guaranteed income” to refer to a general category of proposals for a minimum

The social and employment situation in Sweden

social democratic paradigm on guaranteed minimum income pdf

Judgments of Social Justice Compromises Between Equality. Democrats believe that maintaining an income after retirement is the fundamental right of any American that paid into Social Security during their working years. Democrats strongly oppose Republican efforts to privatize social security, believing that this puts people’s retirement income at the mercy of the stock market. In fact, they wish to forbid employers from locking retirement savings, [A]ll use of coercion to assure a certain income to particular groups (beyond a flat minimum for all who cannot earn more in the market) be outlawed as immoral and strictly anti-social (150). Despite these limits, Hayek supported a UBI as a condition of democratic legitimacy, which dovetails nicely with some of the conceptions of social justice defended here..

th Geneva September 1214

Social Democratic Values in the Digital Society. Paradigm shift from enforcement and distrust to own responsibility and trust 20/02/18 Experimenting with Minimum Guaranteed Income in the Netherlands . A new movement 20/02/18 Experimenting with Minimum Guaranteed Income in the Netherlands 9 42 municipalities with plans to experiment . 2. The experiment (1) Experimental design (2) Outcomes (3) Outlook 20/02/18 Experimenting with Minimum, The ultimate objective of this strategy—to wipe out poverty by establishing a guaranteed annual income—will be questioned by some. Because the ideal of individual social and economic mobility has deep roots, even activists seem reluctant to call for national programs to eliminate poverty by the outright redistribution of income..

The living wage is a human right even though most governments do not recognise it as such. Most workers in the world still earn less than a living wage for their labour. Living on an unliveable The Nordic countries come closest to embracing the social investment paradigm, while a few other countries (notably the Netherlands and the UK) have made partial moves in the social investment

31/03/2006 · provide some form of access to health care or a minimum income guarantee offering support to individuals who cannot work or who can find work only in the low paying sub- … The Nordic countries come closest to embracing the social investment paradigm, while a few other countries (notably the Netherlands and the UK) have made partial moves in the social investment

Why it matters. Political and social unrest could grow if the political establishment fails to address the economic pain of workers dislocated by globalization and automation. The proposal of the Scientific Council broadened, however, the debate and the issue is debated upon in the social-democratic Labour Party, the conservative liberal People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and the progressive liberal Democrats 66, but these parties did not adopt the basic income in their programs.

The notion of health as a human right is central to the creation of equitable health systems [1, 2]. The right to health equity has been reflected globally in national constitutions, treaties and domestic laws, policies, and programs, and is included as a priority item in United Nations’ post-2015 sustainable development agenda [3 – 5]. [A]ll use of coercion to assure a certain income to particular groups (beyond a flat minimum for all who cannot earn more in the market) be outlawed as immoral and strictly anti-social (150). Despite these limits, Hayek supported a UBI as a condition of democratic legitimacy, which dovetails nicely with some of the conceptions of social justice defended here.

Basic income pilots are smaller-scale preliminary experiments which are carried out on selected members of the relevant population to assess the feasibility, costs and effects of the full-scale implementation of basic income or the related concept of negative income tax, including partial basic income and similar programs. Paradigm shift from enforcement and distrust to own responsibility and trust 20/02/18 Experimenting with Minimum Guaranteed Income in the Netherlands . A new movement 20/02/18 Experimenting with Minimum Guaranteed Income in the Netherlands 9 42 municipalities with plans to experiment . 2. The experiment (1) Experimental design (2) Outcomes (3) Outlook 20/02/18 Experimenting with Minimum

Paradigm shift from enforcement and distrust to own responsibility and trust 20/02/18 Experimenting with Minimum Guaranteed Income in the Netherlands . A new movement 20/02/18 Experimenting with Minimum Guaranteed Income in the Netherlands 9 42 municipalities with plans to experiment . 2. The experiment (1) Experimental design (2) Outcomes (3) Outlook 20/02/18 Experimenting with Minimum The human development paradigm performs an important service in questioning the presumed automatic link between expanding income and expanding human choices. People who have no access to income. It has to do with the national priorities chosen by the society or its rulers. cultural or political. dependent on income. Knowledge.

based guaranteed pension benefit that ensures a minimum level of income for individuals with low earnings-related pensions. Furthermore, the elderly with low pensions and high housing cost can qualify for the housing supplement. Elderly with low or no pension income due to few years of residency can claim income support which provides an effective safety net. Quasi - mandatory occupational Budget 2017-2018 is about "rising to the challenges of our ambitions" The Budget focuses on five main challenges: Fostering higher growth for more and better jobs; Investing massively in the infrastructure of the future; Further improving the quality of life of people; Ushering in a new social paradigm; and Consolidating macro-economic fundamentals The Budget is cast within the context of the

Living Wages in the Paradigm Transition – The Imperative Challenge of Transcending the Market Author’s computation using hourly wage data as reported by the US Department of Labor and purchasing power indices from the World Bank in 2012. The Living Income Guaranteed is a social security ‘net’ available to all; on an as-needed basis. This principle exemplifies our national expectations of government, as laid out within most country’s Bill of Rights, where the state ensures the well-being of its citizens when the …

democratic theory, since Lipset (1960) highlighted the positive correlation between the level of wealth and democracy, a large number of studies have emphasised economic development. 2 This correlation, however, is far from Why it matters. Political and social unrest could grow if the political establishment fails to address the economic pain of workers dislocated by globalization and automation.

With social democracy now in retreat across Europe (Meyer and Rutherford, 2012), this article considers the path of social democratic welfare reform in Australia, and the latest set of social democratic welfare reforms initiated by the Rudd Labor government (2007–10) and the Gillard Labor government (2010-13). Why it matters. Political and social unrest could grow if the political establishment fails to address the economic pain of workers dislocated by globalization and automation.

The notion of health as a human right is central to the creation of equitable health systems [1, 2]. The right to health equity has been reflected globally in national constitutions, treaties and domestic laws, policies, and programs, and is included as a priority item in United Nations’ post-2015 sustainable development agenda [3 – 5]. [A]ll use of coercion to assure a certain income to particular groups (beyond a flat minimum for all who cannot earn more in the market) be outlawed as immoral and strictly anti-social (150). Despite these limits, Hayek supported a UBI as a condition of democratic legitimacy, which dovetails nicely with some of the conceptions of social justice defended here.

Possibilities and ProsPects: the debate over a Guaranteed income 7 We use the term “guaranteed income” to refer to a general category of proposals for a minimum The Living Income Guaranteed is a social security ‘net’ available to all; on an as-needed basis. This principle exemplifies our national expectations of government, as laid out within most country’s Bill of Rights, where the state ensures the well-being of its citizens when the …

[A]ll use of coercion to assure a certain income to particular groups (beyond a flat minimum for all who cannot earn more in the market) be outlawed as immoral and strictly anti-social (150). Despite these limits, Hayek supported a UBI as a condition of democratic legitimacy, which dovetails nicely with some of the conceptions of social justice defended here. The Government of the Republic of South Africa and the Government of the Democratic Republic of Congo desiring to conclude a Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income,

The ultimate objective of this strategy—to wipe out poverty by establishing a guaranteed annual income—will be questioned by some. Because the ideal of individual social and economic mobility has deep roots, even activists seem reluctant to call for national programs to eliminate poverty by the outright redistribution of income. The living wage is a human right even though most governments do not recognise it as such. Most workers in the world still earn less than a living wage for their labour. Living on an unliveable

Budget 2017-2018 Synopsis EY

social democratic paradigm on guaranteed minimum income pdf

Social Democratic Values in the Digital Society. The third proposal, a minimum benefit, is a common approach in social democratic welfare states to reduce class inequities. A key contribution of this study is its emphasis on inequality among women., The Living Income Guaranteed is a social security ‘net’ available to all; on an as-needed basis. This principle exemplifies our national expectations of government, as laid out within most country’s Bill of Rights, where the state ensures the well-being of its citizens when the ….

ARPA Why neoliberals could be allies in the fight against. A NAFTA Dividend:A proposal for a guaranteed minimum income for North America Karen Kallmann Towards a BIG paradigm shift: A rights based approach to poverty alleviation, Possibilities and ProsPects: the debate over a Guaranteed income 7 We use the term “guaranteed income” to refer to a general category of proposals for a minimum.

ARPA Why neoliberals could be allies in the fight against

social democratic paradigm on guaranteed minimum income pdf

The social and employment situation in Sweden. The distinction between government sector employment and guaranteed employment is artefactual, and both contribute to national income at cost. Consequently, there would likely be considerable pressure to lower public sector wages and benefits to the level of the guaranteed job on grounds that the work is similar. In effect, there is a high risk that a JGP could be used to open a new front for Possibilities and ProsPects: the debate over a Guaranteed income 7 We use the term “guaranteed income” to refer to a general category of proposals for a minimum.

social democratic paradigm on guaranteed minimum income pdf


The third proposal, a minimum benefit, is a common approach in social democratic welfare states to reduce class inequities. A key contribution of this study is its emphasis on inequality among women. A NAFTA Dividend:A proposal for a guaranteed minimum income for North America Karen Kallmann Towards a BIG paradigm shift: A rights based approach to poverty alleviation

The distinction between government sector employment and guaranteed employment is artefactual, and both contribute to national income at cost. Consequently, there would likely be considerable pressure to lower public sector wages and benefits to the level of the guaranteed job on grounds that the work is similar. In effect, there is a high risk that a JGP could be used to open a new front for In principle, for the neoclassical paradigm minimum wages have negative employment effects. These iron law of neoclassical thinking came under discussion after negative employment effects of minimum wage increases in empirical studies were difficult to find. The monopsony case was a way out of the dilemma. However, it seems to lack sufficient relevance to draw general macroeconomic conclusions

Judgments of Social Justice: Compromises Between Equality and Efficiency Gregory Mitchell, Philip E. Tetlock, Barbara A. Mellers, and Lisa D. Ordonez Political economists agree that a trade-offexists between equality and efficiency. Using a hypotheti-cal society paradigm, we manipulated the mean income (representing efficiency) and income variability (representing equality) of distributions of Coinciding with the progressive consolidation of the European integration process in the continent, the ILO debate on the future establishment of a BI growingly implied the idГ©e of a minimum income for all guaranteed by the state. More recently, this trend crystallised in the elaboration of the 2002 report on a Social Protection Floor for a Fair and Inclusive Globalization, which brought back

is still evident in social democracy and trade unions (the ‘work, work, work’ paradigm), is being replaced by a new kind of romanticism, the social utopia of a guaranteed basic income, providing a means of participating in a society based on human rights, without any reliance on the labour market. Would the idea of a basic income point the way to a new social contractbased on ethics and 31/03/2006 · provide some form of access to health care or a minimum income guarantee offering support to individuals who cannot work or who can find work only in the low paying sub- …

is still evident in social democracy and trade unions (the ‘work, work, work’ paradigm), is being replaced by a new kind of romanticism, the social utopia of a guaranteed basic income, providing a means of participating in a society based on human rights, without any reliance on the labour market. Would the idea of a basic income point the way to a new social contractbased on ethics and Basic income pilots are smaller-scale preliminary experiments which are carried out on selected members of the relevant population to assess the feasibility, costs and effects of the full-scale implementation of basic income or the related concept of negative income tax, including partial basic income and similar programs.

The notion of health as a human right is central to the creation of equitable health systems [1, 2]. The right to health equity has been reflected globally in national constitutions, treaties and domestic laws, policies, and programs, and is included as a priority item in United Nations’ post-2015 sustainable development agenda [3 – 5]. The third proposal, a minimum benefit, is a common approach in social democratic welfare states to reduce class inequities. A key contribution of this study is its emphasis on inequality among women.

The third proposal, a minimum benefit, is a common approach in social democratic welfare states to reduce class inequities. A key contribution of this study is its emphasis on inequality among women. The ultimate objective of this strategy—to wipe out poverty by establishing a guaranteed annual income—will be questioned by some. Because the ideal of individual social and economic mobility has deep roots, even activists seem reluctant to call for national programs to eliminate poverty by the outright redistribution of income.

Basic income pilots are smaller-scale preliminary experiments which are carried out on selected members of the relevant population to assess the feasibility, costs and effects of the full-scale implementation of basic income or the related concept of negative income tax, including partial basic income and similar programs. In principle, for the neoclassical paradigm minimum wages have negative employment effects. These iron law of neoclassical thinking came under discussion after negative employment effects of minimum wage increases in empirical studies were difficult to find. The monopsony case was a way out of the dilemma. However, it seems to lack sufficient relevance to draw general macroeconomic conclusions

View all posts in British Columbia category